Although legislation implementing the agreement between the United States and Colombia was introduced in April 2008 (H.R. 5724, 110th Congress), House of Representatives leaders felt that President Bush had introduced the bill without sufficient coordination with Congress, and the House of Representatives then voted 224 to 195 in favor of the rules in Section 151 of the U.S. Trade Act. 1974, which provides for an automatic discharge of the committee, a deadline for a vote on the final adoption. Requests for further consideration in the House would not apply to legislation (H.Res. 1092, 110th Congress). Bush sends the FTA law between the United States and Colombia; House Speaker aims for schedule change, 25 Int`l Trade Rep. (BNA) 510 (10 April 2008). The question had arisen as to whether the expedited procedures provided for by the BTPAA would apply to the law implementing the agreement between the United States and Colombia if the law were introduced in the 111th Congress. In 2006, the House of Representatives parliamentarian concluded that a law to implement a trade agreement could only be introduced once as part of the BTPAA process, while in 2008, the Senate informally indicated that the Senate could continue to apply expedited procedures to a reintroduced law.
Free Trade Agreement, 26 Int`l Trade Rep. (BNA) 123 (22 January 2009); Senate deputies say Colombia FTA has a fast track next year, Inside U.S. Trade, August 8, 2008, at 1; Implementing Legislation can be only be submitted once under Fast Track, Inside U.S. Trade, 10 November 2006, at 5. In a number of statutes, Congress has authorized the President to negotiate and enter into collective and non-tariff (NTB) agreements for limited periods, while NTB and free trade agreements negotiated under this jurisdiction can only enter into force for the United States if they are approved by both houses in a law passed by law and other legal conditions are met; The implementation of bills will also be taken into account more quickly under the regime. This bargaining power and expedited procedures are usually referred to as the Trade Promotion Authority (TPA). In the summer of 1787, the delegates of the Constitutional Convention debated the structure and powers of a new legislative body. One of the questions they asked was: Should the power of contracting be within the legislative or executive branch? According to the articles of Confederation, a treaty could be concluded with the agreement of nine of the thirteen states or two-thirds. Some delegates, such as Charles Pinckney of South Carolina, insisted that the Senate, where each state was represented on an equal footing, had the exclusive power to enter into contracts. Alexander Hamilton argued that the executive should exercise powers related to foreign relations and should therefore have the power to enter into contracts “with the Council and the approval of the Senate.” In the end, Hamilton`s argument proved to be the most convincing.
If a contract is submitted to the Senate for approval, the Senate has several options for action.