We believe that the EU will not accept another form of diagonal accumulation, both in principle and because of the lack of negotiating time, and even compliance with the EMP may not be possible. Apart from the PEM agreements, the EU has rarely accepted a diagonal cumulative. It is therefore unlikely that this will happen with the United Kingdom. It is also important to note that, given the partial diagonal accumulation agreed by the United Kingdom in its trade continuity agreements, the EU has less incentive to accept a diagonal accumulation, since its exports to Britain already benefit from the accumulation that the United Kingdom has accepted with its continuity partners. Overall, the CTC rule applies to 48% of product lines, either alone or in combination with other rules, and the VA rule applies either alone or in combination with 49% of tariff positions, with the SP rule applying to almost 21% of all tariff positions at 14%.  For a more detailed discussion, see: Jerzewska, A., 2018, Brexit Origin: A Case for the Broader Use of Cross-Cumulation, The E15 Initiative, available online: e15initiative.org/publications/brexit-and-origin-a-case-for-the-wider-use-of-cross-cumulation/ Therefore, instead of indicating that something is considered an original value when the value of all imported inputs is less than x% of the price of goods, a rule could establish that the value of imported inputs from a certain chapter or 4-digit category must be less than x% of the price of goods. The relative impact of applying va rules at different aggregation levels is shown in Table 3 below. As a result, in 28% of cases, the VA rule is set at the 4-digit level for materials and, in cases, for prepared foods, the VA rule is set at double-digit level in 91% of cases. In addition to the identification of the special program indicator “JP” on customs documentation (Form CBP 7501) to benefit from the benefits of the U.S.-Japan trade agreement, An importer must declare a secondary HTSUS subheading (9921.01.01 or 9921.02.02) for the claimed product, must export the product from Japan and must include in its registration file a statement indicating that the imported product is considered to be originating in Japan. As with most other imports from the free trade agreement, the importer (or Japanese exporter) must provide additional information or documentation to demonstrate that imported products are of origin and can benefit from preferential tariff treatment, when Customs and Border Guards (CBP) continue to request.
U.S. President Donald Trump signed a proclamation on December 26, 2019, in which he implemented two separate trade agreements with Japan (together the agreements) 1. The U.S.-Japan trade agreement (trade agreement) will abolish or reduce tariffs on agricultural and industrial products and set preferential quotas for U.S. products. The Digital Trade Agreement between the United States and Japan is a separate agreement between the two countries, which will provide guidance for priority areas of digital trade. The agreements came into force on January 1, 2020 and are expected to serve as the basis for further negotiations for a broader free trade agreement between the United States and Japan2. It can then be aggregated at the sectoral level or take into account the UK`s total exports.